Owning a dog is a great responsibility. To become a well-trained dog, you must teach him a few basic commands. One of the most important orders is the “sit” order, as it teaches the “stay” order. It is very easy to teach a dog to sit and he will be able to learn this command when he is about 4-5 weeks old. There are, however, a few rules to be observed during training. You should always limit training sessions to a maximum of 15 minutes, otherwise he gets bored and you lose his attention. In addition, stay consistent and always follow the instructions and your dog will never forget what he has learned.
First, you should take some treats for your dog. I suggest you use pieces of dog food, unless you are training a puppy that can’t chew crunchy food, in which case you can use treats. I use pieces of dog food because it’s cheaper to use than spending extra money on special treats, but whatever you prefer will work. Now that you have your treats, put some pieces in your hand. Make a free fist, have your index finger and thumb make a coin-sized opening so she can smell the goodies. Place your fist in front of your dog and hold it at the same level as your dog’s head so that he stands on all four legs. At this point you will allow him to feel your hand. Move your fist back and forth to see if he follows with his nose. Now that you have his attention, take your empty hand and gently press down on his bottom, holding the hand of the treat in front of his face. He may be a little resistant at first, but eventually he will get down on his knees and sit down. Make him happy immediately and say “Good boy”. You do not have to say “sit” right away. You will give him the order as soon as he has understood why he is receiving treatment. Allow him to stand up again and repeat this procedure three or four more times. At this point he should understand why he is receiving treatment, so put your fist in front of his face and wait a few seconds. If he is sitting alone, give him the joy and praise. If he is not sitting alone, repeat the above procedure several times. Your dog will eventually sit alone.
The next step is to give him a verbal command. Once your dog has learned to sit alone, you can say “sit” by lowering his bottom and giving him the treat. Your dog will eventually associate the word “sit” with the action he is performing. You should continue to work with him for about a week and make sure you give him a reward every time he sits down to start with. After that, you may or may not alternately give him a reward. Eventually he will get to where he gets less and less treats and where he will sit without being attracted by the food. Now that your dog knows how to sit on command, it will be easier to teach him the command “stay”.
If you give your dog a new command, you may not get full cooperation from him. It is therefore important to be patient with your dog and give him time to understand what you are trying to teach him. I also suggest that you organize training sessions before his meals, otherwise he will not notice the treats I give him because he is full. Stay consistent during training, always use positive reinforcement with treats and praise, and your dog will be on his way to the good dog you hope for.