The Tibetan Mastiff is an ancient breed of dog that has its origins in the nomadic cultures of Tibet, Nepal, China and India. It is one of the breeds widely spread by the local tribes of Himachal Pradesh in China. The dog was used to protect sheep from leopards and to guard farms. It was also kept to guard monasteries and palaces. The dog had to be left in freedom so that it could run around to fulfill its guarding tasks.
The dog was given the name “Mastiff” because of its size; it is a large dog, hence the name “Tibetan Mastiff”, which was given to the first western visitors. The dog is heavily built, has more wrinkles on the face, is better structured and well muscled. An adult male dog can reach a size of 33 inches, and when bred in the West, the dog can reach a weight of 95 to 150 pounds. However, specimens weighing up to 330 pounds have been recorded. The specimen was raised in Chinese and Western kennels. Nomads preferred the weight of 95-150 pounds because it allowed the dog to easily fulfill its duties as guardian of the property.
In the West, the dog is considered a primitive breed because it has retained the characteristics that allowed it to survive in Tibet and in the high altitudes of the Himalayan Mountains in northern Nepal, India and Bhutan. Despite its size, the dog has a high level of energy, is internally calm and rather quiet. It is a polite dog, which is generally a good house dog.
The Tibetan Mastiff is a quiet dog, especially when its needs are met and it is kept in good living conditions. However, it can become a yapper if left alone outside. If the dog is kept in an enclosure that is not well fenced, it can easily climb over fences and escape.
The Tibetan Mastiff dog is tolerant towards children and other family members. Unfortunately, it is not well suited for households with small children as it can easily confuse the screaming and playing of visiting children with a sign of aggression and therefore does not invite visiting children to play.
In general, the Tibetan mastiff has a strong instinct for people and may have good reason not to recover from his aversion to a particular person. The dog has to run on different routes every day in order not to be territorial. He is active in the morning and in the evening, but you can take him for training if you have time.